Dry skin has lowered sebum production, which means that it lacks both moisture and fat. The skin may be scaly and rough on the surface due to an insufficiency of lubricating sebum. The pores of dry skin are often very small. After facial cleansing, dry skin feels tight and in some cases it can begin to itch. Dry skin can also sometimes develop eczema. Dry skin rarely has problems with pimples because it has a sebum deficit.
Dry skin can also be extra sensitive because the skin barrier is not intact and therefore reacts more easily to, for example, products, contaminants and cold. This type of skin in particular needs fat to compensate for the low sebum production. Richer creams and nourishing oils are recommended to repair the skin barrier and lock the moisture into the skin. Exfoliate the skin regularly with a mild acid to remove dry skin cells and to make it easier for the moisturising products to penetrate the skin. Choose a cleansing milk rather than a gel that lathers to simultaneously preserve the protective membrane on the skin.