Pigmentation is a common problem area in skin care. There are hyperpigmentations that are caused by an overproduction of melanin and hypopigmentations that are the result of a sub-production. Overproduction is triggered by several factors, such as sun exposure, genetic factors, age, hormone changes and skin damage or inflammation. Hypopigmentation can be due to genetics, burns, chemical influences (products), infections or diseases.
Pigment spots in the form of ""age spots"" are caused by intensive or prolonged exposure to the sun and they occur as a result of increasing age. This is a common skin condition, especially since a lot of people have been careless about sun protection and have enjoyed a little too much of the sun too many times. Sun protection is a very important part of counteracting pigmentation and it is also important to consider using sun protection all year round. But there are also powerful ingredients that can improve pigmentation. Here, retinol is a hero with its illuminating properties. Vitamin B3 (niacinamide) is another super example and also azelaic acid gives a brighter and clearer skin tone. And don't forget about vitamin C!