Excessive dryness, when the epidermis is dehydrated and low in moisture, is very common and can occur regardless of skin type. The problem may arise for several reasons, but it is often due to the wrong choice of products, a lack of protective and moisturising care, an extra cold climate or too much sun. You can find out if your skin is dry on the surface by gently squeezing the skin on the cheek or by pushing the tip of the nose slightly upwards. If you immediately see small, fine lines, the skin is most probably surface dry. This type skin also feels uncomfortably tight.
A common mistake many make, especially if you have oily skin or acne, is that you over-treat your skin or use products that dehydrate your skin. This can cause the skin to feel tight and dry, while becoming shiny during the day. The moisture-lacking membrane on the skin then creates a barrier and inhibits sebum from lubricating the skin surface in a normal way, which can lead to congestion. So-called whiteheads (plugs of keratin) are also common in excessively dry skin. Treat outer dryness through regular exfoliation, which removes old skin cells and thus increases the uptake of nutrient-rich and moisturising substances. Remember to use an exfoliation tailored to your skin type.